ICJ Timeline Cover.

Cover of the ICJ Timeline.

EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS

Nuremberg / ICJ Timeline

Professor Gregory S. Gordon, an expert in international law, has created a history of international criminal justice to accompany the film, Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today.

To download a printer-friendly copy of the ICJ Timeline, please click HERE.

Nuremberg Legacy / Nuremberg Principles

The international community sought to “activate” the legal framework created during the Nuremberg trial, so on July 29, 1950, the International Law Commission (created under UN Resolution 174) duly codified and adopted these seven Nuremberg Principles:

  • Any person who commits an act which constitutes a crime under international law is responsible therefor and liable to punishment.
  • The fact that internal law does not impose a penalty for an act which constitutes a crime under international law does not relieve the person who committed the act from responsibility under international law.
  • The fact that a person who committed an act which constitutes a crime under international law acted as Head of State or responsible Government official does not relieve him from responsibility under international law.
  • The fact that a person acted pursuant to order of his Government or of a superior does not relieve him from responsibility under international law, provided a moral choice was in fact possible to him.
  • Any person charged with a crime under international law has the right to a fair trial on the facts and law.
  • The crimes hereinafter set out are punishable as crimes under international law:
    a) Crimes against peace
    b) War crimes
    c) Crimes against humanity
  • Complicity in the commission of a crime against peace, a war crime, or a crime against humanity as set forth in Principle 6 is a crime under international law.

Illegal Armed Force as a Crime Against Humanity

To download this article by Ben Ferencz, please click HERE.

Bibliography

To download the bibliography, please click HERE.