DEFENDANTS' VERDICTS AND SENTENCES

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The Verdict

After 216 court sessions, on October 1, 1946, the verdict was rendered.  Three of the defendants were acquitted: Hjalmar Schacht, Franz von Papen, and Hans Fritzsche. Four were sentenced to terms of imprisonment ranging from 10 to 20 years: Karl Dönitz, Baldur von Schirach, Albert Speer, and Konstantin von Neurath. Three were sentenced to life imprisonment: Rudolf Hess, Walther Funk, and Erich Raeder. Twelve of the defendants were sentenced to death by hanging. Ten of them—Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Alfred Rosenberg, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Wilhelm Keitel, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart—were hanged on October 16, 1946. Hermann Goering managed to take a cyanide capsule hours before the execution.

Martin Bormann was condemned to death and sentenced to hang in absentia. In 1972, remains thought to be Bormann’s were found by construction workers in Berlin. In 1998 DNA testing substantiated it was Bormann, and that the mode of death had been cyanide poisoning.

 

Name   Count Penalty Notes
  1     2     3     4          
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Martin Bormann
 
I O G G Death Successor to Hess as Nazi Party Secretary. (Tried in absentia, and sentenced to hang.  DNA testing conducted in 1998 on human remains found in Berlin in 1972 showed that Bormann had committed suicide in 1945 by taking cyanide.)
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Karl Dönitz
 
I G G O 10 years Leader of the Kriegsmarine from 1943, succeeded Raeder. Initiator of the U-boat campaign. Became President of Germany following Hitler's death.In evidence presented at the trial of Karl Dönitz on his orders to the U-boat fleet to breach the London Rules, Admiral Chester Nimitz stated that unrestricted submarine warfare was carried on in the Pacific Ocean by the United States from the first day that nation entered the war. Dönitz was found guilty of breaching the 1936 Second London Naval Treaty, but his sentence was not assessed on the ground of his breaches of the international law of submarine warfare.
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Hans Frank

 
I O G G Death Reich Law Leader 1933–1945 and Governor-General of the General Government in occupied Poland 1939–1945. Expressed repentance. Hans Frank
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Wilhelm Frick
 
I G G G Death Hitler's Minister of the Interior 1933–1943 and Reich Protector of Bohemia-Moravia 1943–1945. Authored the Nuremberg Race Laws.
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Hans Fritzsche
 
I I I O Acquitted Popular radio commentator, and head of the news division of the Nazi Propaganda Ministry. Tried in place of Joseph Goebbels.
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Walther Funk
 
I G G G Life Imprisonment Hitler's Minister of Economics. Succeeded Schacht as head of the Reichsbank. Released due to ill health on 16 May 1957. Died 31 May 1960.
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Hermann Göring
 
G G G G Death Reichsmarschall, Commander of the Luftwaffe 1935–1945, Chief of the 4-Year Plan 1936–1945, and original head of the Gestapo before turning it over to the SS in April 1934. Second only to Hitler in the Nazi hierarchy that was confirmed by Hitler's edit of 29 June 1941.However, Göring had lost power and favor during the last years of the war. Committed suicide the night before his execution. Hermann Goring
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Rudolf Hess
 
G G I I Life Imprisonment Hitler's Deputy Führer until he flew to Scotland in 1941 in attempt to broker peace with Great Britain. After trial, committed to Spandau Prison; died in 1987.
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Alfred Jodl
 
G G G G Death Wehrmacht Generaloberst, Keitel's subordinate and Chief of the OKW's Operations Division 1938–1945. Subsequently exonerated by German court in 1953, though the exoneration was later overturned, largely as a result of pressure by American officials. Alfred Jodl
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Ernst Kaltenbrunner
 
I O G G Death Highest surviving SS-leader. Chief of RSHA 1943–45, the Nazi organ made up of the intelligence service, Secret State Police and Criminal Police. Also had overall command over the Einsatzgruppen and several concentration camps.
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Wilhelm Keitel
 
G G G G Death Head of Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) 1938–1945. Wilhelm Keitel
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Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
 
I I I ---- Major Nazi industrialist. C.E.O of Krupp A.G 1912–45. Medically unfit for trial {died January 16, 1950}. The prosecutors attempted to substitute his son Alfried (who ran Krupp for his father during most of the war) in the indictment, but the judges rejected this as being too close to trial. Alfried was tried in a separate Nuremberg trial for his use of slave labor, thus escaping the worst notoriety and possibly death.
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Robert Ley
 
I I I I ---- Head of DAF, The German Labour Front. Suicide on 25 October 1945, before the trial began.
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Baron Konstantin von Neurath
 
G G G G 15 years Minister of Foreign Affairs 1932–1938, succeeded by Ribbentrop. Later, Protector of Bohemia and Moravia 1939–43. Resigned in 1943 due to dispute with Hitler. Released (ill health) 6 November 1954 after having a heart attack. Died 14 August 1956.
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Franz von Papen
 
I I O O Acquitted Chancellor of Germany in 1932 and Vice-Chancellor under Hitler in 1933–1934. Ambassador to Austria 1934–38 and ambassador to Turkey 1939–1944. Although acquitted at Nuremberg, von Papen was reclassified as a war criminal in 1947 by a German de-Nazification court, and sentenced to eight years' hard labour. He was acquitted following appeal after serving two years.
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Erich Raeder
 
G G G O Life Imprisonment Commander In Chief of the Kriegsmarine from 1928 until his retirement in 1943, succeeded by Dönitz. Released (ill health) 26 September 1955.Died 6 November 1960.
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Joachim von Ribbentrop
 
G G G G Death Ambassador-Plenipotentiary 1935–1936. Ambassador to the United Kingdom 1936–1938. Nazi Minister of Foreign Affairs 1938–1945, Joachim von Ribbentrop
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Alfred Rosenberg
 
G G G G Death Racial theory ideologist. Later, Minister of the Eastern Occupied Territories 1941–1945. Alfred Rosenberg
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Fritz Sauckel
 
I I G G Death Gauleiter of Thuringia 1927–1945. Plenipotentiary of the Nazi slave labor program 1942–1945. Fritz Sauckel
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Dr. Hjalmar Schacht
 
I I O O Acquitted Prominent banker and economist. Pre-war president of the Reichsbank 1923–1930 & 1933–1938 and Economics Minister 1934–1937. Admitted to violating the Treaty of Versailles.
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Baldur von Schirach
 
I O O G 20 years Head of the Hitlerjugend from 1933 to 1940, Gauleiter of Vienna 1940–1943. Expressed repentance.
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Arthur Seyss-Inquart
 
I G G G Death Instrumental in the Anschluss and briefly Austrian Chancellor 1938. Deputy to Frank in Poland 1939–1940. Later, Reich Commissioner of the occupied Netherlands 1940–1945. Expressed repentance. Arthur Seyss-Inquart
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Albert Speer
 
I I G G 20 Years Hitler's favorite architect and close friend, and Minister of Armaments from 1942. In this capacity, he was ultimately responsible for the use of slave laborers from the occupied territories in armaments production. Expressed repentance.
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Julius Streicher
 
I O O G Death Gauleiter of Franconia 1922–1940. Publisher of the weekly newspaper, Der Stürmer. Julius Streicher

"I" indicted      "G" indicted and found guilty      "O" Not Charged

Chart Courtesy of Wikipedia Article on the Nuremberg Trial

 

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